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An Analysis of which JavaScript Framework Is Right for You

An Analysis of which JavaScript Framework Is Right for You

While building a multifaceted and interactive web application, architects and developers are usually met with the challenge of performance, maintainability and modularity and are in constant need of a set of frameworks that can act like a backbone to their project and help them knock-out all the glitches in the process.

JavaScript, a programming language that was designed to give easy access to pre-built components that serve as building blocks for a webpage, thus entered the field.

Gone are the days when web development was all about uploading static HTML, CSS and JavaScript files to an HTTP server. Modern web applications are much larger and more complex than earlier and require a framework of language that provides structure, quality and maintainability all at the same time.

JavaScript frameworks were created to address the need of building a stable foundation for a web application.

What are JavaScript Frameworks?

JavaScript frameworks are libraries of pre-written JavaScript that allow easier development of JS-based applications by providing a layer of abstraction on top of the core language.

These frameworks provide a multitude of functions and help make it easier and more achievable for developers to create responsive, fluid and maintainable interfaces for web apps.

JavaScript frameworks are open-sourced, released under the permissive MIT license and aim to resolve the problem of single page web apps using an MVC or MV* design pattern.

Top JavaScript Frameworks

There has been a great surge in MV* frameworks over the past few years and the list of new and stable frameworks continues to grow each year.

Developers usually find themselves lost in choice as to which framework best addresses their needs. So, we have simplified the selection process by reviewing the top JavaScript frameworks that have proven to be the best frameworks in the world of development.

The most established frameworks are Backbone.js and AngularJS, while the ones that have experienced the most growth in the last year are AngularJS, Meteor, Ember.js and Knockout.

AngularJS

AngularJS

Created as part of GetAngular, AngularJS is the oldest of all three top JavaScript frameworks and represents a client-side library written JavaScript that aims to simplify the development and testing of single-page applications by providing a framework for MVC and MVVM architectures.

This framework typically works by first reading the HTML page and then interpreting the custom tag attributes as a directive to connect the input and output parts of the page to a model represented by standard JS variables.

It is also worth noting that the values of these variables can be manually set within the parameters of the code or can be retrieved from JSON resources.

The rationale behind building AngularJS is the common belief that declarative programming is ideal for creating user interfaces and connecting components together, whereas imperative programming is well suited for business logics. All this innovation does not, however, rule out the flip side of the framework.

When it comes to the pain points, AngularJS is largely criticised for the complexity of the directives API. What confuses developers is the concept of ‘Transclusion’ which makes it challenging for them to understand the underlying concepts of compiling functions, pre/post linking functions and all other configuration settings for directives.

Ember.js

ember-logo

 

The newest addition to the flock, Ember.js, is the modular framework that is now used for creating scalable single-page applications by combining common idioms and best practices into the framework.

It uses the Handlebars template engine to write codes with Handlebars integrated templates that update automatically when the underlying model changes. Ember.js makes it easy to take on a multipage, navigational, long-term project, compared to other frameworks in the realm of JavaScript.

It is capable of inferring much of the configuration on its own and can create a controller for your resource, even when you don’t define one yourself.

However, what concerns developers is the fact that much of the content and examples in Ember.js no longer work and this confuses them when first using the framework.

Node.js

nodejs

 

The next top JavaScript framework is Node.js, an open-source, cross-platform runtime environment, which was designed for server-side applications. Node.js comes with an event-driven architecture along with a non-blocking I/O API that ensures optimum throughput and the application’s scalability.

This framework uses the Google V8 JavaScript engine for code execution and contains a built-in library to enable applications to act as a web server. Bringing event-driven programming to web servers, this framework enables development of fast web servers in JavaScript.

Using a simplified model of even-driven programming, developers can build highly scalable web servers using callbacks to notify them when a task is complete.

The drawbacks of using Node.js is the tonnes of nested callbacks and the use of single thread. It means that, unlike pre-emptive concurrency, programmers will have to figure out how to deal with concurrency. Some issues with regard to API stability have also been reported by developers.

Another challenge with using Node.js is the newness of the framework. Not every developer is well aware of the pain points of working with a large-scale Node.js application until the language is thoroughly road tested and made error free.

Conclusion

Developers with an MVC programming background in Ruby, Python, Java, C# or any other object- oriented language may find Ember. js’s holistic approach a viable option for application programming.

For those who prefer to work in the non-blocking, even driven I/I paradigm, Node.js is the best.

Lastly, AngularJS’s innovative approach makes a lot of sense to developers who are working for quick prototyping projects and large-scale production applications.

So, which is your favourite framework? Do you have any points to share? Please feel free to leave your comments below and thanks for reading!

AngularJS — A Review

AngularJS — A Review

angularjs-logo

The rising popularity of HTML5 has acted as a catalyst for the increased use of JavaScript frameworks for developing rich client applications. These frameworks allow developers to incorporate enterprise complexity in client-side applications. This is perhaps the reason why server side frameworks have become a thing of the past and applications, like AngularJS, Ember and BackBone, in addition to several others, are being used.

Although, this blog is not focused towards deriving comparisons between the different frameworks, here are a few ways by which AngularJS is better than the rest –

  • Efficient Code
  • Good documentation
  • Impeccable developer community
  • Google backed
  • Small footprint
  • Data-Binding is simple

The key features of Angular JS are discussed in the sections that follow.

Scope

Scope is used for detecting changes in model objects. Besides, it is also used for creating expressions’ execution contexts. It performs marshalling of the model to a view and events are forwarded to the controller.

Controller

In order to create a model and connect it to a view, a controller is required. Therefore, the interface between the controller and the view is scope. Typically, an application is effective and efficient if the controllers are thin and services are rich. The controller in AngularJS supports inheritance and nesting. The major difference between controller of AngularJS and other frameworks is that, in this case, DOM manipulations are not supported.

Model

The model in AngularJS can simply be described as a JavaScript object. There is no need for you to create structures or make extensions. This allows the framework to support the functionality of nested models.

View

The view, in this case, is not based on strings. In fact, it is based on DOM objects. This component is used for UI designing and ideally, should not include functional aspects. This framework provides the flexibility to the user to include multiple views in one controller.

Services

It is the services component of this framework that provides support for executing common task for web-based applications. It also allows the developer to allow sharing of functionality between multiple controllers. A service can be built using Factory, Service or $provide API.

Data Binding

The data binding provided by this framework is a two-way process, which binds the model and the view. This is made even easier by the automatic synchronization that AngularJS supports.

Directives

Directives can be used for creating new behaviors and transforming DOM. Besides, the HTML vocabulary can be extended using directives.

Filters

Data transformation can be easily performed using the filters that are available in the AngularJS framework.

Validation

This framework has an inbuilt validation mechanism that has been built around the HTML5 directives and input variables. Moreover, a custom validation can be created easily for the validation purpose.

Testable

One of the biggest concerns for enterprise solutions is testing. There are several methodologies that can be used for testing applications made using the AngularJS framework. Most commonly used procedures are Jasmine tests.

AngularJS is capable of quickening client-side development if you create your own custom AngularJS Plunker. Besides this, a clean documentation and strong community makes AngularJS is particularly good option.